Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of fruit of some strawberry cultivars under hydroponic cultivation

Document Type : Research paper


1 Crops and Horticultural Science Research Department, Kermanshah Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Production Engineering and Plant Genetics, Campus of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Faculty of Science and Agricultural Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran


The cultivated strawberry is a fruit plant for fresh consumption and food processing. It is one of the early-fruiting garden products with high nutritional value. To determine the appropriate strawberry cultivar for the hydroponic system, an experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with 3 replicates. Strawberry cultivars included Paros, Queen Eliza, Selva, Kamarosa, and Aromas, for which a medium of cocopeat and perlite (6:4) was used. Characteristics measured included yield per plant, yield per hectare, average fruit weight, number of fruits per plant, percentage of soluble solids, and acidity. The results showed that the Paros variety had the highest yield per plant (585.33 g), the highest yield per hectare (70.20 tons) and the lowest average fruit weight (18.28 g), while the Selva variety had the lowest. The highest number of fruits per plant (45.00) was observed in the variety Queen Eliza and the lowest in the variety Kamarosa. The highest soluble solids percentage was found in the Kamarosa variety (8.21%) and the lowest in the Aromas variety (6.25%). The highest percentage of fruit acidity was found in the Kamarosa variety and the lowest value in the Selva and Paros varieties.

Graphical Abstract

Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of fruit of some strawberry cultivars under hydroponic cultivation


  • Increasing local market demand for strawberries has led to modern strawberry production systems such as soilless cultivation, which include nutrient solution management and planting medium.
  • Hydroponic cultivation is developing rapidly due to its many benefits.
  • Five strawberry cultivars including Paros, Queen EIiza, Selva, Kamarosa, and Aromas were grown in hydroponic greenhouses to measure some quantitative and qualitative characteristics.


Main Subjects

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