Evaluation of Nipa perennial seed-forage plant (Distichlis palmeri) in order to develop agricultural sustainability of coastal saline ecosystems

Document Type : Review paper

Author

Department of Agrotechnology, Majoring in Ecological Plants of Khuzestan University of Agricultural, Ahvaz, Iran

10.22034/CAJPSI.2021.04.03

Abstract

 
Nipa with the scientific name of Distichlis palmeri is a perennial plant of the Poaceae family; Which is a plant that tolerates irrigation with salt water. It is a drought-tolerant plant local to the northern shores of the Gulf of California in Mexico and grows in salt marshes affected by sea tides. This plant is wildling and produces grains like wheat. Nipa seeds provide most of the food needed by Cocopah natives in the Rio Colorado Delta. Researchers have studied the physiological, anatomical, genetic and agronomic potential of this valuable plant as a potential food crop. The researchers found that Nipa seeds would germinate in the salinity range of 0-30 grams per liter of water and between 60 and 93 percent. The relative growth rate of the Nipa plant in two types of flooded and non-flooded soils affected by salinity (30 g of salt per liter) reaches about 50% of the relative growth of the plant in freshwater. This perennial seed, which is now considered one of the most important species for centuries, is a plant suitable for saline tropical regions and beyond. Nipa development should be a high priority for institutions and officials related to food security, desalination and climate change. It also provides an opportunity for entrepreneurship and agricultural development to develop, rehabilitate and protect coastal areas from severe weather events.

Graphical Abstract

Evaluation of Nipa perennial seed-forage plant (Distichlis palmeri) in order to develop agricultural sustainability of coastal saline ecosystems

Highlights

  • Nipa is now considered one of the most important species for centuries, a plant suitable for saline tropical regions and beyond.
  • So far, few articles have been published on the evaluation of growth rate, salinity tolerance, flood tolerance, physiological adaptation, grain yield and nutritional needs of the Nipa plant in order to introduce this plant as a new crop and perennial tolerant to saline water.
  • Nipa development should be a high priority for institutions and officials related to food security, desalination and climate change, and while providing a platform for entrepreneurship and agricultural development, it should be a good opportunity to develop, rehabilitate and protect coastal areas.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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