Effect of fertilizer management systems on growth and balance of nutrients in wheat cultivation

Document Type : Research paper


1 Department of Agroecology, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Tehran University of Science and Research, Tehran, Iran

2 Chief Executive Officer of Kamregareh Rural Cooperative Company, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Department of Plant and Animal Production, Vocational School of Technical Science, Yozgat Bozok University Yozgat, Turkey


In order to investigate the effect of different fertilizer systems on the accumulation and balance of macro and microelements in the soil and some morphological characteristics of wheat, in order to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and to determine the best level of treatments, this experiment was carried out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Treatments include control (T1), manure (T2), vermicompost (T3)), chemical fertilizers ‌ NPK (T4), vermicompost ‌ + ‌‌‌ nitroxin (T5), manure ‌ + ‌ nitroxin (T6), manure + chemical NPK (T7), were examined. The results showed that different nurturing systems were significant for all studied traits (p < 0.01). The use of manure combined with chemical fertilizers had a positive and significant effect on the economic yield of the grain at the rate of 3440 kg/ha so that it caused an increase of 87.71% compared to the control. The highest and lowest biomass yields with 9580 and 3890 kg were related to the treatment of chemical fertilizers and no fertilizer (control), respectively. In this study, chemical fertilizers increased plant height, grain weight per spike and spike weight per plant. The results of the process of changes in soil elements showed that chemical fertilizers had the highest amount of nitrogen (equal to 0.52%) compared to other treatments. Compared to the control, manure increased iron, zinc, magnesium, calcium, potassium and phosphorus in the soil by 15.03, 303, 9.16, 8.15, 2.26 and 10 ppm, respectively,. The results of this study showed that the use of manure and integrated fertilizers have better results than other fertilizer treatments in increasing soil nutrients, which can be a good alternative to chemical fertilizers, in the direction of moving towards the principles of sustainable agriculture, while moving towards sustainable agriculture and they will reduce environmental pollution.

Graphical Abstract

Effect of fertilizer management systems on growth and balance of nutrients in wheat cultivation


  • Different nurturing Fertilizer Management systems are effect on wheat agromorphological traits.
  • Chemical fertilizers increase plant height, grain weight per spike and spike weight per plant in wheat.
  • Chemical fertilizers had the wheat highest amount of nitrogen compared to biofertilizers.
  • Manure increase iron, zinc, magnesium, calcium, potassium and phosphorus in the soil in wheat field.


Main Subjects

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