Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants in semi-arid rangeland in western Iran

Document Type : Research paper


1 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran

2 Department of Biological Production Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan

3 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding Group, Faculty of Agriculture, Zabol University, Zabol, Iran


Various environmental conditions (from Tropical to Tempe ration condition) of Iran have made this country one of the major parts of plant diversity in the world. Plants have played an important role in Iranian people’s life. The study is located in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province in western Iran (31◦ 09' to 32◦ 38' N and 49◦ 30' to 51◦ 26' E) with an area of 16,332 km2 and a population of about 895,263. Endemic plants were collected during 2017-2019 from different locations in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Most of the studied regions were situated in orchards, highlands and neighboring farmlands. The plant raw materials were cleaned, dried and fixed at room temperature. In this study, a number of 61 native plant species with medicinal properties was collected during three years. Among the 70 people that were interviewed (mean age of 60 years old), 61 species of vascular plants were identified for treatment of various human ailments. Ethopharmacologic report is made consisting of species names, vernacular names, popular uses of the plants and their pharmacological properties. Identifying plant classification (taxa) was done in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Agricultural Research Center and Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection. The results showed that most of the collected species were belonged to Asteraceae (12 species). Other families are included: Fabaceae (seven species), Brassicaceae (five species), Lamiaceae and Solanacea (four species).This study shows a high herbal biodiversity of the medicinal plants in Iran as well as a fascinating potential for profitable studies on medicinal plant breeding, chemistry and pharmacology of the feature drugs.

Graphical Abstract

Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants in semi-arid rangeland in western Iran


  • In this study, a number of 61 native plant species was identified by medicinal use.
  • The most of the collected native species by medicinal use were belonged to Asteraceae family (12 species).
  • Fruit/ seed, Leaves and flower were recognized the main parts of plants those used as the traditional medicine in Charmahal & Bakhtiari.


Main Subjects

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