The application of thyme as a medicinal plant in bacterial and fungal infections, as well as the investigation of its antinociceptive properties

Document Type : Review paper


1 Allergy and Asthma Center, Blue Area, Islamabad, Pakistan

2 Cyprus Hematology and Oncology Center, Denver, USA



Medicinal plants are a group of plants whose organs have effective medicinal compounds. Among the most important advantages of herbal medicines, we can mention the economic value and low cost of obtaining them, the environmental and ecological effects of their use, and the less destructive effects on natural resources. Among its disadvantages, we can mention the limited access to some plant species in all seasons and the long duration of treatment with plants. One of the common medicinal plants is thyme, which is a perennial plant with dense and branched bushes, straight roots, and many branches. Thyme essential oil is a yellow or dark reddish-brown liquid with a strong pleasant smell and a strong, persistent and cooling taste, which is extracted from the distillation of the leaves and flowering branches and is a combination of different chemicals. The volatile compounds acquired from the aerial parts of the plant include geraniol, linalool, gamma terpineol, terpineol, carvacrol and thymol. Thyme essential oil with an exact high percentage of carvacrol and thymol has substantial antimicrobial activity. Many investigations have shown the antifungal activity of thyme oil against Candida species. It is also known that this plant has anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive properties. The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of thyme as a medicinal plant in bacterial and fungal infections and also to investigate its antinociceptive properties.

Graphical Abstract

The application of thyme as a medicinal plant in bacterial and fungal infections, as well as the investigation of its antinociceptive properties


  • Thyme is a perennial plant with dense bushes and many branches, direct roots, and many branches.
  • The most important ingredients of thyme essential oil include carvacrol and thymol.
  • Thyme plant has antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and antinociceptive features.


Main Subjects

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