Evaluation of faba bean genotypes in normal and drought stress conditions by tolerance and susceptibility indices

Document Type : Research paper

Authors

1 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

2 Lorestan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Broujerd, Iran

3 Department of Horticulture and Agronomy, Golestan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Gorgan, Iran

10.22034/CAJPSI.2021.04.01

Abstract

Two separate experiments were performed on randomized complete block design with three replications, under two irrigation conditions, during 2017-2018 cropping season, in Iran. Genotypes G2, G8, G5, and G7 with the highest seed yield under both conditions were located into group A. Genotypes G7, G8 and G2 were as the drought tolerance and superior genotypes based on MP, GM, STI, YI, YSI, HM, RDI, DI, SNPI, MRP, REI, MSTIK1, and MSTIK2 indices. The genotypes G2, G8, and G7 with the lowest average sum of ranks (ASR) were tolerant genotypes. Yp had positive significant correlation with TOL, MP, GMP, STI, HM, ATI, SSPI, MRP, REI, MSTIK1, MSTIK2, Ynorm, and Z. Cluster analysis also identified genotypes G2, G8, G5, and G7 with highest tolerance to drought stress. Stress tolerant index (STI), modified stress tolerance index K1 (MSTIK1) and average sum of ranks (ASR) were more useful in order to select favorable faba bean genotypes under dryland and irrigation conditions. Using these three indices, genotype G7 recognized as the most tolerant genotype to drought stress. We also suggested a new idea in the assessment of stress tolerance and susceptibility in genotypes using standardized and normalized data of yield under stress and normal condition based on the range of variations and standard deviation and verified these scores in current data and another data in 18 rice genotypes. We recommended the use of this idea in other datasets and verified its advantages.

Graphical Abstract

Evaluation of faba bean genotypes in normal and drought stress conditions by tolerance and susceptibility indices

Highlights

  • The production of faba bean usually reduces by abiotic stresses.
  • Identification of drought tolerant genotypes is very effective in increasing faba bean production.
  • Genotypes G7 (autochthonous Landraces from Lorestan, Khorramabad), G8 and G2 (autochthonous Landraces from Lorestan, Borujerd) from were as the drought tolerance and superior genotypes based on many of indices.
  • We also proposed the use of standardized (based on standard deviation) and normalized (based on range) yield in potential and stress conditions for valuation tolerance and susceptibility of genotypes.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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